Europeenses

On the nature of things

Encyclopaedia n. a book or set of books giving information on many subjects or many aspects of one subject, typically arranged alphabetically.”

Concise OED, 11th edition, 470.

Derived from the Greek enkyklios paedia, “general education”, the term encyclopaedia in its modern sense was first used by Paul Scalich in the title of his Encyclopaedia; seu, Orbis disciplinarum, tam sacrarum quam prophanum epistemon… (“Encyclopaedia; or, Knowledge of the World of Disciplines, Not Only Sacred but Profane…”), published in 1559.

encyc

Born in Mainz circa 780, Rabanus Maurus, also called Hrabanus Magnentius, Abbot of Fulda (822) and Archbishop of Mainz (847) through his contribution to learning and the development of the German language earned the title Praeceptor Germanicus, “Teacher of Germany.” Though unoriginal in his thought the survival of his work in over 1200 manuscripts is testament to the importance and far reaching extent of the knowledge he synthesized and passed on.

His most extensive work was the De rerum naturis, “On the nature of things”, also known as De universo, “On the universe”, an encyclopaedia of knowledge in 22 books synthesizing intellectual history until the 9th century AD, and largely drawn from Isidore of Seville’s earlier Etymologiae, in itself an important preserver and transmitter of more ancient texts at a time when many of these were becoming lost.

The De Rerum is an allegorical work that aimed to explain the typological, historical and mystical meaning of things as a means to understanding of the Scriptures. The 22 books are arranged hierarchically and further divided into sub-sections which cover topics as diverse as God, the Son of God, angels, the patriarchs, the New Testament, sacraments, exorcism, prayer, the ages of man, marriage, death, beasts,  serpents, fish, birds, time, calendars, oceans, rivers, floods, the regions of the earth, Paradise, mountains, valleys, deserts, government buildings, doors, sewers, gymnasia, lighthouses, prisons, poets, language, stones, minerals, gems, lead, iron, music, medicine, agriculture, trees, herbs, war, weapons, armour, chariot racing, fabrics, national costume, wools and linen, shoes, food, drink, baskets, farm implements, and horse tack.

A digitized copy of De Rerum Naturis from the Vatican’s collection (Vaticana, Pal. lat. 291) can be viewed online

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s

Information

This entry was posted on December 29, 2013 by in Germany, History, Literature, Medieval and tagged , , , .
The Dandenong Ranges

Live the Dream

Defence-In-Depth

Research from the Defence Studies Department, King's College London

Susan Barsy

The New Jeffersonian

Maxine Dodd: Racing lines

Fast drawings with a few words...

Cycle Write Blog

My words, visions & trivia along the way

Cycling in a skirt

One life, some bicycles. A million possibilities, zero clue!

I Do Not Despair

When I see an adult on a bicycle, I do not despair for the future of the human race. ~H.G. Wells

PedalWORKS

Speed is relative. Victory is fleeting. But the ride lasts forever.

Storyshucker

A blog full of humorous and poignant observations.

heritagelandscapecreativity

Exploring Time Travel of Place

The Victorian Cyclist

A history blog on the joys and perils of cycling in Victorian Britain

historywithatwist

Celebrating the bit players of history

Rhyl History Club

- a little look at the history of Rhyl

SeanMunger.com

Official site of author and historian Sean Munger.

Cooking Without Limits

Food Photography & Recipes

%d bloggers like this: